The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey Summary Report for 2010 has indicated some rather startling numbers in regards to intimate partner violence, sexual violence and unwanted sexual conduct inflicted on both men and women.
Rape and sexual assault studies indicate that 18.3% (or 1/5) women and 1.4% (1/71) of men in the United states have experienced attempted forced penetration, complete forced penetration, or alcohol and drug related penetration at some point in their lives.
In the women’s cases studied, over half of female rape victims (51.1%) reported being raped by perpetrators who were their significant other or intimate partner and over 40% by an acquaintance or someone known to them. In the case of males, over half of all victims (52.4%) reported their perpetrators was someone they knew and 15.1 % of reports were sexual assaults by a stranger.
Of those studied, nearly 1/21 men indicated that they had been forced to penetrate someone at some point in their lifetime. The majority of these forced penetration incidents studied involved an intimate partner (44.8%) or someone known to the victim (44.7%).
Slightly more than twice as many women (13%) reported having experienced sexual coercion, or pressure in a nonphysical way, in comparison to 6% of their male counterparts. Over one quarter of women (27.2%) and over 1/10 of all men (11.7%) have been subjected to some form of sexual contact which was unwanted.
Female victims of rape that was completed (79.6%) were raped before the age of 25, 42.2% of which were raped in their childhood years prior to age 18. Males, on the other hand, experienced completed rape at age 10 or younger in 27.8% of cases.
Other Forms of Intimate Partner Violence
Over 1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men in the US have experienced stalking, rape, or physical violence by their intimate partners. Of those people, 1 in 3 women experienced more than one form of intimate partner violence, including stalking, physical violence, rape or sexual assault. Male victims were extremely prone to physical violence with 92.1% having been victims of physical violence alone and a further 6.3% had been subjected to a combination of stalking and physical violence.
Stalking victimization also indicate that many individuals have no respect for the boundaries and rights of others in ways beyond forced sexual contact. Incidents of stalking in the Unites States were experienced by one in six women (16.2%) and one in nineteen men (5.2%) and indicated they feared that they or someone close to them would be killed or harmed due to the stalking.
Former or current intimate partners were the perpetrators of 66.2% of female stalking victims where as men were primarily stalked by acquaintances (40.0%) or intimate partners (41.4%). The most common form of stalking patterns experienced by those studied came in the form of repeated unwanted phone calls and voice or text messages with 78.8% of women and 75.9% of men having experienced these forms of harassment. Stalking was most prevalent prior to age 25 with 1 in 5 females and 1 in 14 males having been stalked between the ages of 11 and 17.
Almost 1 in 10 US women have been raped in their lifetime by an intimate partner and 16.9% of women and 8% of men have experienced been victims of sexual assault or violence by an intimate partner at some time in their life. Severe physical violence by an intimate partner was recorded at 1 in 4 women or 1 in 7 men and was definedas being being struck with a hard object, slammed into things or by being beaten.
Over half of all individuals reported that they had been victims of some form of violence by an intimate partner prior to age 25, 69% for females and 53% of males. Psychological abuse (e.g., verbal abuse, emotional abuse) was also reported by nearly half of all men and women in the United States.
Violence and Race or Ethnicity
Rape victimization was experienced by 33.5% of multiracial women , 26.9% of Native Americans or Alaskan Natives, 22% of African Americans, 18.8% of Caucasians and 14.6% of Hispanic Women, and. 31.6% of multiracial ment, 26.2% of Hispanic men and 1.7% of Caucasian men experienced sexual assault other than rape.
Stalking was reported by 30.6% multiracial women, 22.7% Native American and Alaskan Native women, 19.6% African American women, 16% Caucasian, and 15.2% Hispanic women.
Their male counterparts reported that about 6% of African American males or those of Native American and Alaskan Native ethnicity, 5.1% Caucasian, and 5.1% of Hispanic men had been stalked at some point in their lives.
Approximately 40%of African American, Native American, or Alaskan Native women, and over half of all multiracial women experienced physical violence, stalking, or rape by their intimate partner at some point in their lives. About 40- 45% of men of color were victims of intimate partner stalking.
Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence
When all types of violence were assessed, violence experienced by both male and female victims was reported to have originated from one perpetrator. The majority of women reported that that they were victimized by men, as did male victims of rape or other unwanted sexual experiences. Approximately half of all stalking behaviors were also initiated by males but other forms of violence against men had been committed by females.
Intimate Partner Violence in the Past 12 Months
Rapes occurring within a year prior to the survey were indicated by 1.3 million women, or 1% of women who took the survey. In addition, the survey indicated 1 in 20 women and men who experienced sexual assault other than rape within the year prior to the survey as well. Stalking in the 12 months prior to the survey was reported by 1.3% of men and 4% of women. 5.9% of women and 5% of men had been victims of stalking, physical violence, or rape in the same 12 month period.
Effects of Intimate Partner Violence
Long-term health complaints by individuals who were victims of stalking, physical violence in an intimate partnership, or rape involved chronic pain, sleep issues, limitations on activity, poor mental and physical health, and frequent recurring headaches when compared to non-victims during the same period. Women additionally experienced diabetes, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and asthma at higher rates than those women who had not been victims of violence.
Physical violence, rape, or stalking by an intimate partner resulted in nearly 3 in 10 women and 1 in 10 men in the United States reporting having long lasting or significant effects, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, fear or concern for their safety, injuries substantial enough to seek health care, contacts of crisis hotline intervention services, the need for urgent housing services, or use of victim advocate services.
Intimate Partner Violence of all forms can result in depression, anxiety and other psychological reactions, including PTSD. Victims of domestic violence often require treatment to recover from the effects of their abuse. Because our treatment for depression and anxiety programs rely on evidence based practices, our Intensive Outpatient Program shares many common methods with other successful treatment methods. The foundation of our treatment program for relies on the principles of the stages of change, cognitive behavioral therapy, solution focused treatment, skills training and identifying repetitive dysfunctional behavioral relationship patterns to promote recovery from depression and other mental health disorders. In fact, our Intensive Outpatient Program in Memphis, TN that has been proven to be effective in the treatment of these disorders in six peer reviewed treatment outcome studies. Our treatment center provides services to those who need more treatment than one hour a week, but less than 24 hour care, by providing three hours of treatment per day, three to five days per week, in an intensive outpatient setting. It is also important to keep in mind that women and men often experience depression differently and therefore the presence of depression may also appear differently based on gender. If you or a loved one is showing signs of depression or anxiety, including PTSD, they should be assessed by a trained mental health professional who can help design a treatment plan for depression that can result in recovery. Treatment for depression and anxiety can be highly successful. People who have completed our program have provide very high consumer satisfaction scores and reviews. Call us at 901-682-6136 to schedule an appointment.