Of those who commit suicide, about 2/3 are depressed and 7% of men and 1% of women who are depressed complete suicide. Depression and suicide risk is significantly greater compared to the general population. Of those who have major depression, the risk of suicide is about 20 times greater than the general population. Individuals who have had multiple episodes of depression are at greater risk for suicide than those who have had a single episode. People who are depressed and have alcohol or drug dependence have a greater risk for suicide. Depression and suicide risk is higher than any other disorder. Nearly 8% of persons aged ≥12 years (6% of males and 10% of females) report current depression. Females have higher rates of depression than males in every age group. Males aged 40–59 years have higher rates of depression (7%) than males aged ≥60 years (5%). Females aged 40–59 years have higher rates of depression (12%) than females aged 12–17 years (8%) and females aged ≥60 years (7%).
Depression and Suicide Risk: Suicidal Thoughts
• An estimated 3.7% of the adult U.S. population (8.3 million adults) reported having suicidal thoughts in the past year.
• An estimated 1.0% of the adult U.S. population (2.2 million adults) reported having made suicide plans in the past year.
• An estimated 0.5% of the U.S. adult population (1 million adults) reported making a suicide attempt in the past year.
• For every 25 suicide attempts there is one completed suicide.
Depression and Suicide Risk: Completed Suicides
• Suicide was the tenth leading cause of death for all ages in 2010.
• There were an average of 105 completed suicides per day, or 38,364 suicides in United States in 2010.
• Many people who commit suicide are also abusing alcohol or drugs: 33.3% of completed suicides tested positive for alcohol, 23% for antidepressants, and 21% for opiates, including prescription pain killers and heroin.
• Suicide among males is four times higher than females and men constitute 79% of all U.S. completed suicides.
• However, women are more to have had suicidal thoughts.
Depression and Suicide Risk: Warning Signs
The following signs may be observed in someone who is experiencing depression and suicide risk. Depression and suicide risk is greater if a behavior is new or has increased and if it seems related to a painful event, loss, or change. If you or someone you know exhibits any of these signs, seek help as soon as possible.
- Talking about wanting to die or to kill oneself.
- Looking for a way to kill oneself, such as searching online or buying a gun.
- Talking about feeling hopeless or having no reason to live.
- Talking about feeling trapped or in unbearable pain.
- Talking about being a burden to others.
- Increasing the use of alcohol or drugs.
- Acting anxious or agitated; behaving recklessly.
- Sleeping too little or too much.
- Withdrawing or feeling isolated.
- Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge.
- Displaying extreme mood swings.
- A lack of interest in activities that were previously pleasurable
- Heightened anxiety and/or panic attacks
- Prior history of attempts
- Irritability and agitation
Because our treatment center relies on evidence based practices, our Intensive Outpatient Program shares many common methods with other successful treatment methods. The foundation of our treatment program for relies on the principles of the stages of change, cognitive behavioral therapy, solution focused treatment, skills training and identifying repetitive dysfunctional behavioral relationship patterns to promote recovery from depression and suicide risk. In fact, our Intensive Outpatient Program in Memphis, TN that has been proven to be effective in the treatment of depression and suicide risk in six peer reviewed treatment outcome studies. Our treatment center provides services to those who need more treatment than one hour a week, but less than 24 hour care, by providing three hours of treatment per day, three to five days per week, in an intensive outpatient setting. If you or a loved one is showing signs of depression and suicide risk, they should be assessed by a trained mental health professional who can help design a treatment plan that can result in recovery. Treatment for depression and suicide risk can be highly successful. Call us at 901-682-6136 to schedule an appointment.