Post traumatic stress disorder and depression are two psychiatric disorders that frequently occur together. The occurrence of two or more disorders that exist simultaneously are referred to as co-occurring disorders.
The Symptoms of PTSD
There are three major groups of symptoms of PTSD.
– Recurring thoughts about the traumatic event
– Actively avoiding reminders of the traumatic event
– The feeling of constantly being on guard or afraid that it will happen again
Furthermore, PTSD can also have physical symptoms as well which is usually the result of the stress placed on the body. Feelings of tension, apprehension, increased pain, a tightness or burning sensation in the chest, increased headaches and other stress related symptoms can be associated with PTSD
PTSD with delayed onset is occurs when the symptoms of PTSD occur at least six months after the trauma. However, it is not uncommon for years to pass between the traumatic event and the time the first indications of PTSD become apparent.
Depression may also co-occur with PTSD. Not everyone who gets PTSD will also become depressed, but many people who have PTSD go on to develop depression, particularly when the PTSD has not been treated. Post traumatic stress disorder and depression frequently co-occur.
The Symptoms of Depression
The classic signs of depression include:
– The feeling of despair, inadequacy, guilt and sadness
– The Inability to focus or concentrate
– Appetite and / or sleep disturbance
– Lack of energy to perform tasks or enjoy the day
– Lack of interest in previously pleasurable activities
– Significant weight gain or loss
– Suicidal thoughts
How are Post traumatic stress disorder and depression and Depression Related?
Almost 50% of those who have been diagnosed with PTSD are actually diagnosed with both Post traumatic stress disorder and depression. People diagnosed with PTSD are about seven times more likely to develop depression later in life than those without PTSD. An individual suffering from PSTD affects their ability to cope with everyday activities. Often people do not recognize that they have no control over the PTSD symptoms and tell themselves they should “get over it” or not let it interfere with their lives. When they are unable to do this, they begin to feel inadequate, tell themselves they are weak, and start to get down on themselves. Post traumatic stress disorder and depression create a vicious cycle. Others around the trauma victim may also not recognize that PTSD requires treatment and contribute to the victim feeling guilty and worthless.
Because our treatment center relies on evidence based practices, our Intensive Outpatient Program in Memphis, TN shares many common methods with other successful treatment methods for Post traumatic stress disorder and depression. The foundation of our treatment program for Post traumatic stress disorder and depression relies on the principles of the stages of change, cognitive behavioral therapy, prolonged exposure, solution focused treatment, skills training and identifying repetitive dysfunctional behavioral relationship patterns to promote recovery from Post traumatic stress disorder and depressionand other mental health disorders. In fact, our Intensive Outpatient Program in Memphis, TN that has been proven to be effective in the treatment of these disorders in six peer reviewed treatment outcome studies. Our treatment center provides services to those who need more treatment than one hour a week, but less than 24 hour care, by providing three hours of treatment per day, three to five days per week, in an intensive outpatient setting. If you or a loved one is showing signs of Post traumatic stress disorder and depression, they should be assessed by a trained mental health professional who can help design a treatment plan that can result in recovery. Treatment for Post traumatic stress disorder and depression can be highly successful. Call us at 901-682-6136 to schedule an appointment.